|In 1968, Sugar graduated summa cum laude in engineering from the University of California at Los Angeles, where he also received a master's degree and a doctorate in the same field. He was honored by UCLA as Engineering Alumnus of the Year, and has received among other honors the Marine Corps Foundation's Semper Fidelis Award, the Air Force Association's John R. Alison Leadership to National Defense Award, and the Army Distaff Foundation's Eisenhower Distinguished Citizen Award.
Sugar is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, and a fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society. He is a past Chairman of the Aerospace Industries Association, and earlier was appointed by the President of the United States to the National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee. He is a national trustee of the Boys & Girls Clubs of America, a director of the Los Angeles Philharmonic Association, a trustee of the University of Southern California, and a director of Chevron Corporation.